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Ezra Pound (1885-1972)

American poet born in Idaho. In 1924 he moved to Italy where he lived for 20 years. There he absorbed facism and supported Mussolini's dictatorship. Pound's anti-Semitic statements stemmed from his belief that the economic system was being exploited by Jewsih financiers. In 1945 he was arrested by the U.S. forces and pronounced insane in a trial. Pound spent 12 years in a hospital for the criminally insane in Washington D.C. After he was released, he returned to Italy, where he spent his remaining years. He is often called "the poet's poet" because of his profound influnce on 20th century writing in English.